Building Muscle Can Reduce Diabetes Risk
Increasing your muscle mass can help lower the risk for type 2 diabetes, which means weight training is very important to avoid diabetes.
A new study shows that for each 10 percent increase in the skeletal muscle index (SMI) – the ratio of muscle mass to total body weight – there was an 11 percent reduction in insulin resistance, a precursor to diabetes. There was also a 12 percent reduction in pre-diabetes, a condition characterized by higher-than-normal blood sugar levels.
Researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles analyzed data from 13,644 adults who took part in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. “Our findings suggest that beyond focusing on losing weight to improve metabolic health, there may be a role for maintaining fitness and building muscle mass,” said Dr. Preethi Srikanthan, professor of UCLA’s David Geffen School of Medicine.
“This is a welcome message for many overweight patients who experience difficulty in achieving weight loss, as any effort to get moving and keep fit should be seen as laudable and contributing to metabolic change,” she added. The study appears in the September issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.